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2009-11-22

Linux生存:Java程序与scim问题解决之道

openJDiary在我的SLED 11 KDE桌面中使用时存在一个问题,当打开一个外部文件进行了修改后,直接关闭,会弹出一个确认是否保存的对话框,当点击了否之后,openJDiary的其他编辑窗口就无法输入内容了,确切地讲是键盘就无法输入了,不过鼠标依然能够正常操作。
今天主要通过升级KDE桌面至4.3.3和升级X11到7.4-61.4(xorg-x11-7.4-61.4)尝试解决此问题。顺便有一个KDE的问题,就是选中的文本(如在Kate打开的窗口中),当切换到其他窗口,再返回时,刚才选中的文本会被删除掉,可能跟openSuSE 11.1/SLED 11的发行版本有关系,但不知道涉及的是哪个模块,也是通过升级这两部分来尝试解决。升级的结果是这两个问题跟KDE似乎都没有直接关系,问题都没有等到真正解决,依旧存在,但当升级了X11后,openJDiary无法编辑文本的问题的确不存在了,真是非常幸运呀。我使用的KDE 4.3.3源为:
http://mirror.leaseweb.com/opensuse/repositories/KDE:/43/SLE_11/
使用的X11源为:
http://mirror.leaseweb.com/opensuse/repositories/X11:/XOrg/SLE_11/
另外,在查找X11源时,还意外发现SLE 11 sp1正在研发中,有源为证:
http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/X11:/XOrg:/sle11sp1/SLE_11/i586/
看来,在不远的将来,也许是SLE 11发布一周年之际(大约是2010年3月下旬),SLE 11 sp1就会发布了,如果有可能,我会升级我的系统;但还有一个问题,如果KDE版本比较低,有可能还得再用非Novell官方的源升级到最新版本,不过问题并不大,由于openSuSE社区比较完善,届时肯定有相应的源可以使用的,倒不必担心。
之所以加快openJDiary的开发进度,其中一个原因就是Kate不能非常正常地使用,所以期望使用自己编写的小软件来打开纯文本文件,一方面可以提高开发技能,一方面可以解决Kate缺阵造成的不便。
就像有些系统的出现是之前的系统不能满足单个人的需要一样,开源软件也有些是因为类似的需求才应运而生的,openJDiary也是这样的,如果当初JDiary能够不出现断电丢失大量数据,并能够保持版本不断更新与功能不断完善,也就不会促使我编写openJDiary了,开源的好处之一就是,当你不能维护一个软件时,完全可以由其他爱好者来继续你的工作,而不是一切从头开始。
经过在谷歌上搜索发现,似乎是scim的问题,参考:KDE Bug Tracking System Bug 188533 Selection is deleted if a window is selected/pops up/maximized/focused。使用的rpm包来自:
http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/home:/hujq:/input_methods/SLE_11/i586/
但仅升级了scim-bridge包后,问题并未解决 :(
只好再安装以下相关包:
scim-bridge-gtk-0.4.15-123.1.i586.rpm
scim-bridge-qt-0.4.15-123.1.i586.rpm
期望能够完全解决此问题。安装完成后重启,在Konversation中输入文本并选中,然后切换到其他窗口,再返回,文本不再消失了,再使用Kate进行测试,结果仍然是非常理想的,想不到问题就这么解决了,原来是scim的问题导致了这个KDE的问题,所以,即便是我升级了KDE到最新稳定版本,也没能解决,并且要安装的包起码应该包换scim-bridge-qt,最好把scim-bridge的这三个包全部都安装上。
看来,开源软件的使用完善是一个多么艰辛而又有趣的过程呀,如果把大家解决问题的经历都记录下来,简直都可以书就一大部故事书了,哈哈。
Linux生存,你准备好了吗?


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